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Survivor recalls ‘rumbling’ in the dark as mud buries village chapel in southern Philippines

The victims are members of the Teduray, one of the Philippines' many small indigenous tribes who live hardscrabble lives on the edge of society

As midnight approached and floodwaters rose around her, mother-of-three Chonalyn Sapi sought refuge at her local village chapel in the southern Philippines province of Maguindanao del Norte, only to find it was already filled with her neighbors.

Desperate to find shelter before tropical storm Nalgae hit, she and others ran uphill in the dark, as boulders, mud and debris rumbled down the mountain in a massive landslide that would go on to bury the nearby hamlet of Kusiong, their home.

“We didn’t sleep that night after the rain started,” Sapi, one of the few survivors of the deluge, told AFP. “At midnight it was already mud, not water. Some ran to the school, while the others chose the church. Some were already asleep.”



Sapi said those who reached the local high school building survived, but those in the church — including two elderly relatives of hers — were buried beneath the mud.

“We did not even have a flashlight. It was really dark. We heard the rumbling of boulders rolling down the mountain. You could not mistake it for anything else,” she said.

Miraculously, she, her husband, and their two younger children were unscathed. Soaking wet and shivering in the cold, they waited out the deluge on the hillside for three hours.

Just before dawn, the rain abated, and the family gingerly picked its way back down to the devastated village, wading through torrents of water.

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Viewed through drone footage, the impact of the landslide was staggering. It created a massive mound of debris the size of about 10 football fields, just below several picturesque mountain peaks carpeted in yellow-green grass.

About 60 houses are buried in mud, while a few others made of lighter materials are swept by floodwaters, in the village of Kusiong in Maguindanao province on Oct. 28, 2022. (Photo by Mark Saludes)

Looking for bodies

Rescuers clad in the orange vests of the local fire department and armed with shovels poked beneath the galvanized iron roofing sheets of the homes that were half-buried in the rock and mud, looking for bodies.

About 60 houses were buried, while a few others made of lighter materials were swept down toward the road below, said Lieutenant-Colonel Dennis Almorato, spokesman for an army division tasked with helping rescue efforts.

“That area is at the foot of the mountain. The heavy rain could have softened up the slopes,” Almorato told AFP.

The search for missing bodies continued on Wednesday, November 2, as the death toll left by Typhoon Nalgae rose to 121, according to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council.

More than 20 bodies already been retrieved in Kusiong village, Datu Odin Sinsuat town, in Maguindanao del Norte province, the ground zero of the disaster.

“Our search and retrieval teams will not cease the operations until the still four missing people are found,” said Governor Bai Ainee Sinsuat.

There were already 44 confirmed deaths in the village, a relocation site for members of the indigenous group Teduray.

“They were relocated away from the coastal area three years ago …. But we didn’t expect this to happen,” said Mayor Lester Sinsuat of Datu Odin Sinsuat town.

He said the town and the people are prepared for a flood or storm surge, but said they were “not ready” for a landslide.

Search and retrieval teams inspect the houses buried in mud in the village of Kusiong in Maguindanao province following the landslide on Oct. 28, 2022. (Photo by Mark Saludes)

In search of new homes

Mercedes Mocadef stood guard by the body of her niece, one of three cadavers retrieved by rescuers on Saturday.

“Had she died of illness it would have been less painful,” Mocadef said, adding the dead young woman’s mother — her cousin — had also died, her body stored at a local morgue.

The women are all members of the Teduray, one of the Philippines’ many small indigenous tribes who live hardscrabble lives on the edge of society.

Sapi said they used to live along the coast, among a row of beach resorts located about half a kilometer below. The owner of that property, however, relocated them to Kusiong two years ago.

The new arrivals stripped trees on the lower slopes of the mountain to farm coconut trees and corn.

Many coconut tree trunks slid down the mountain during the landslide, crashing into their homes.

“If people offer us a new place to stay we would probably reject it,” Sapi said. “We’ll just go live in the mountain.” – with reports from AFP and Mark Saludes

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