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Myanmar faces ‘alarming’ risk of escalating civil war, warns UN human rights chief

Sources in Myanmar said on Thursday that thousands of people in the country’s Chin State have already fled to India

Myanmar is facing the alarming prospect of an escalating civil war as an uprising against the military junta widens, the UN’s human rights chief warned on Thursday, September 23.

Michelle Bachelet told the United Nations Human Rights Council that time was running out for other countries to step up efforts to restore democracy and prevent a broader conflict.

Myanmar has been in turmoil since Aung San Suu Kyi’s government was ousted by the military in February, sparking a nationwide uprising that the junta has tried to crush.



Attacks on troops have increased since lawmakers ousted by the generals called for a “people’s defensive war” earlier this month.

Sources in Myanmar said on Thursday that thousands of people in the country’s Chin State have already fled to India.

Reports from human rights groups said at least 20 houses were set on fire in the area last week and a Baptist pastor was shot dead by soldiers while trying to put out the flames.

“The murder of a Baptist minister and bombing of homes in Thantlang, Chin State, are the latest examples of the living hell being delivered daily by junta forces against the people of Myanmar,” said Thomas Andrews, UN special rapporteur on human rights in the country.

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At the United Nations, Bachelet said the human rights situation had deteriorated significantly as the effects of the coup “devastate lives and hopes across the country.”

“Conflict, poverty and the effects of the pandemic are sharply increasing, and the country faces a vortex of repression, violence and economic collapse,” she said.

People displaced by fighting in north-western Myanmar between junta forces and anti-junta fighters walk in Chin State, Myanmar, on May 31, 2021. (Reuters photo)

Faced with the “overwhelming repression of fundamental rights”, the armed resistance movement was growing.

“These disturbing trends suggest the alarming possibility of an escalating civil war,” she said.

Bachelet urged countries to support a political process that would engage all parties, saying the ASEAN regional bloc and influential powers should use incentives and disincentives “to reverse the military coup and desperate spiral of violence”.

“Myanmar’s stability and path to democracy and prosperity have been sacrificed over these last months to advance the ambitions of a privileged and entrenched military elite,” she said.

“The national consequences are terrible and tragic — the regional consequences could also be profound. The international community must redouble its efforts to restore democracy and prevent wider conflict before it is too late.”

Bachelet said more than 1,100 people had now reportedly died at the hands of the security forces since the coup, while over 8,000 others, including children, had been arrested and more than 4,700 still in detention.

The former Chilean president urged all parties — but especially the military — to allow unrestricted access to humanitarian aid, and called for the immediate release of all political prisoners.

She called for all armed forces to protect civilians and said the use of air strikes and artillery in residential areas must cease immediately. – with a report from Agence France Presse

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