An estimated three million or 11.8 percent of Filipino families have experienced involuntary hunger — being hungry and not having anything to eat — at least once in the past three months.
This was the result of a survey done by pollster Social Weather Stations (SWS) from December 10 to 14, 2022.
The figure is slightly higher than the 11.3 percent or 2.89 million families who reported the same in a survey released in October 2022, and the 11.6 percent or 2.95 million families in June 2022.
It is, however, slightly lower than the 12.2 percent or 3.1 million families reported in April 2022.
Hunger was mostly experienced in Mindanao with 12.7 percent of families, followed by the Visayas at 12 percent, Metro Manila at 11.7 percent, and Balance Luzon at 11.3 percent.
The SWS said the 0.5-point increase in overall hunger between October 2022 and December 2022 was due to increases in the Visayas and Balance Luzon, combined with decreases in Metro Manila and Mindanao.
The pollster said the incidence of hunger climbed by five points in Visayas from seven percent or 336,000 families to 12 percent or 576,000 families compared to October 2022.
The December 2022 survey also found that 51 percent of Filipino families rated themselves as Poor, 31 percent rated themselves as Borderline (by placing themselves on a horizontal line dividing Poor and Not Poor), and 19 percent rated themselves as Not Poor.
Based on the type of food eaten by their families, the December 2022 survey found 34 percent of families rating themselves as Food-Poor, 38 percent rating themselves as Food Borderline, and 28 percent rating themselves Not Food-Poor.
The rate of Overall Hunger rose among the Non-Poor (Not Poor plus Borderline Poor) from 6.7 percent in October 2022 to 7.8 percent in December 2022. However, it fell slightly among the Self-Rated Poor, from 16.0 percent to 15.7 percent.
At the same time, the rate of Overall Hunger rose sharply among the Non-Food-Poor (Not Food-Poor plus Borderline Food-Poor), from 7.4 percent in October 2022 to 11.8 percent in December 2022. However, it fell slightly among the Self-Rated Food-Poor, from 18.9 percent to 17.7 percent.
Rates of hunger among the Self-Rated Food-Poor are always higher than rates of hunger among the Self-Rated Poor at any point in time, said the SWS.